Guest Speakers

Confirmed guest speakers include:

John BurnProfessor Sir John Burn Kt MD FRCP FRCPE FRCPCH FRCOG FMedSci, Professor of Clinical Genetics, Newcastle University
Sir John was knighted in the 2010 New Year’s Honours list for services to Medicine and Healthcare. 
He became Director of the Institute of Human Genetics (IHG) from 2005-10 during which time the tenured staff rose to 33, 18 of them professors, and a 3rd place behind Oxford and Cambridge for Quality in the 2008 Research Assessment.
He conceived and helped bring to fruition the Millennium Landmark Centre for Life in Newcastle opened by the Queen in 2000.  In addition to housing the IHG and the region’s Fertility and Genetics services, the Centre attracts a quarter of a million paying visitors to its science centre and provides practical science education to 40,000 schoolchildren per annum. 
In 2008 he was appointed Chair of the newly created Clinical Genetics Specialty Group of the National Institute of Health Research.  In 2009 he became Director of the national Collaborative group on Genetics in Healthcare and Lead Clinician for the NHS in the North East of England. 
In 2010 he was appointed to Chair the Innovation strand of the new UK Human Genomics Steering Group. He is Chair of the British Society for Human Genetics.
Extensive media involvement includes being scientific advisor and participant in the BBC/Discovery series ‘How to Build a Human’ in 2001.
Sir John is an author on over 250 peer reviewed articles.  He leads the international CAPP consortium investigating cancer prevention in those at high genetic risk
Speaking in:

Genetics and plastic surgery, Wednesday 11th July

Nick CollisMr Nicholas Collis, FRCS(Plast), Consultant Plastic Surgeon, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Nick Collis has been a consultant plastic surgeon at the Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle Upon Tyne since 2004. He has a special interest in breast reconstruction for congenital, weight loss and cancer including oncoplastic breast surgery and micro vascular breast reconstruction. He trained in Yorkshire and obtained a Masters in Philosophy from the University of Bradford from which several papers were published surrounding the use of silicone breast implants.  
Speaking in:
Breast augmentation symposium, Friday 13th July

Mark ConstantianDr Mark Constantian, MD FACS, Plastic Surgeon, New Hampshire, USA
Dr Constantian has been in private practice of plastic surgery for thirty-three years, has previously held academic appointments at Harvard Medical School and Dartmouth Medical School and is currently Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin. He was born in Massachusetts, where his father and great grandfather were both physicians. Dr Constantian was educated at Columbia College, Dartmouth Medical School, and The University of Virginia School of Medicine. He served his general surgery residency at Boston University Medical Center, where he was also National Institutes of Graduate Medical Sciences Fellow in academic surgery. He spent five years in immunology research during his general surgery and plastic surgery training. He completed plastic surgery fellowship at The Medical College of Virginia.
Dr Constantian has served as Associate Editor of Annals of Plastic Surgery and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  He is Past President of the New England Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, The Northeastern Society of Plastic Surgeons, The Rhinoplasty Society, and has been a member of the Board of Directors of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. He is the author of 24 textbook chapters, 60 refereed papers, and the author of two books. His most recent publication, Rhinoplasty: Craft and Magic, was published in May, 2009.
Speaking in:
Rhinoplasty symposium, Thursday 12th July

Charles EastMr Charles East FRCS, Consultant ENT Surgeon, London
Charles is a consultant surgeon at University College Hospitals NHS Trust and has a private practice at 150 Harley Street offering state of the art services in a purpose designed house.
His area of expertise is in Facial Plastic Surgery and particularly in Rhinoplasty Surgery  including the latest endoscopic techniques, He is part of the Craniofacial service at UCLH.
Charles trained in Oxford,London,and had a fellowship in Seattle in Facial Plastics.His extensive clinical and teaching role within UCL, where he runs the main London rhinoplasty and facial plastic course,has involved him lecturing and performing surgery internationally.This year he has been a principle speaker at IMCAS,3rd Bergamo external rhinoplasty course,and the International Federation of Facial Plastic Surgical Societies in Rome.
Charles is a member of BAAPS,current chairman of Facial Plastic Surgery UK, a menber of the European Academy of Facial Plastic Surgery and on the executive board of the Rhinoplasty Society of Europe.

Speaking in:
Rhinoplasty symposium, Thursday 12th July

Dr Gary Enever, MA FRCA, Consultant Anaesthetist, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne
Speaking in:

The history of the Newcastle upon Tyne hospitals and plastic surgeryunit

David FisherDr David Fisher, Associate Professor, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada
David Fisher received his Medical Degree from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland in 1990. He completed residencies in General Surgery and Plastic Surgery in Grand Rapids, Michigan and received American Board of Surgery Accreditation in General Surgery in 1997 and American Board of Plastic Surgery Accreditation in 2001. He became a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeon of Canada in 1998. He undertook Fellowship training in Paris with Dr Daniel Marchac, in Taiwan with D Samuel Noordhoff and Dr Yu-Ray Chen, and in Toronto at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto. Dr Fisher is the Medical Director of the Cleft Lip and Palate Program at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto. His practice is entirely paediatric with a focus in cleft lip and palate and ear reconstruction.
Speaking in:
The John Potter Symposium (cleft lip and palate surgery and ear reconstruction), Wednesday 11th July

Eric FreedlanderMr Eric Freedlander FRCS(Plast), Consultant Plastic Surgeon, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield
Eric Freedlander was President of BAPRAS in 2010. During his presidency, he set up the BAPRAS Workforce Planning Survey, which he has continued to work on until the present.
 He has been a full member of BAPRAS since 1986. Eric’s interest in plastic surgery training has also led him to becoming the Chairman of the Intercollegiate Specialty Board in Plastic Surgery (2003-7) as well as sitting as Chairman of the Royal College of Surgeons of England’s Specialist Advisory Committee in Plastic Surgery (2007-2009).

Speaking in:
Continuing Education, Thursday 12th July

Mr Peter Hodgkinson FRCS(Plast), Consultant Plastic Surgeon, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne

Speaking in:
The John Potter Symposium (cleft lip and palate surgery and ear reconstruction), Wednesday 11th July 

Leila KasraiDr Leila Kasrai, Chief of Plastic Surgery, St Joseph's Health Centre, Toronto, Canada
Dr Leila Kasrai received her MD degree with honours from the University of Western Ontario in 1994. In 1999, she became a Fellow of the Royal Collage of Surgeons (Canada) following completion of residency at the University of Toronto. She subsequently attended Harvard University to obtain a Master in Public Health with specific interest in International Health. She received her training in ear reconstruction from Dr Saturo Nagata in Tokyo, Japan.
She is currently the Chief of Plastic Surgery at St Joseph’s Health Centre. Her areas of clinical interest span both pediatric and adult Plastic Surgery, specifically, pediatric congenital anomalies, hand, breast and facial reconstruction. Since 2006 she and Dr K Wanzel, have taken on Dr Manktelow’s practice in adult facial reanimation.
The recent donation made by the mining company, IAMGOLD, to the University Of Toronto Division Of Plastic Surgery has allowed her to reengage her passion for International Health. Since February of this year, Dr Kasrai has been working with the biggest NGO in Africa (AMREF) towards developing burn prevention programs in Kenya.
Speaking in:
The John Potter Symposium (cleft lip and palate surgery and ear reconstruction), Wednesday 11th July

Dr Charles Kelly FRCP FRCR DMRT, Clinical Consultant Oncologist, Northern Centre for Cancer Care, Newcastle upon Tyne
Speaking in:

Continuing Education, Thursday 12th July
Complimentary Medicine, Friday 13th July

Chris KhooMr Chris Khoo FRCS, Consultant Plastic Surgeon
Chris Khoo received his medical education at Cambridge and St. Mary’s Hospital, London. He is now in independent practice after 25 years as a consultant plastic surgeon at Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury and Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, with main interests in hand surgery and breast surgery.
He is a former president of BAPRAS (then BAPS), and was Chair of the Intercollegiate Board in Plastic Surgery.  He chaired the BASO/BAPRAS Interface Committee in Breast Surgery, and remains involved with the JCST Training Interface Groups in the Breast and Reconstructive Cosmetic Surgery Advanced Training Fellowships.
He is on the Executive Committee of the European Board of Plastic Surgery and is an examiner for the EBOPRAS examination.  He is Chair of the organising committee for the 12th European Congress of ESPRAS, to be held in Edinburgh in 2014.  He is Chairman of ABCP, the Academy of British Cosmetic Practice.
Speaking in: 

PIP Implants- Where are we now?, Friday 13th July

Vivien Lees Miss Vivien Lees FRCS(Plast), Consultant Plastic Surgeon, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester
Vivien Lees is Chair of the Specialist Advisory Committee (SAC) in Plastic Surgery overseeing plastic surgery training in the UK and Republic of Ireland. She is current Lead for the ISCP Curriculum in Plastic Surgery.  As SAC Chair she represents Plastic Surgery on the Joint Committee of Surgical Training (JCST) of the combined Royal Colleges of Surgeons.  She sits on the various Training Interface Groups (TIGs) working with other specialties and has particular interest in developing the later years training programs.  She has previously been Council member of both BAAPS and BSSH taking a lead role in developing the Postgraduate Diploma in Hand Surgery of BSSH/University of Manchester
Speaking in:

Continuing Education, Thursday 12th July

Tom LennardProfessor Tom Lennard FRCS, Professor of Breast & Endochrine Surgery, University of Newcastle
Tom Lennard is Professor of Surgery and Chair, Professional Standards Review Committee at Newcastle University.  He qualified from Newcastle in 1977 with Honours and a Hare-Philipson Scholarship.  In the same year he was awarded the Handcock Prize by the RCS of England in the National LRCP MRCS Examination. 
During his research under the supervision of Ross Taylor, John Farndon and Ivan Johnston he was awarded the Patey Prize by the Surgical Research Society, the Moynihan Prize by the ASGBI and a Hunterian Professorship by RCS England.  His MD was awarded with Commendation in 1986.  He was appointed Consultant Surgeon and Senior Lecturer in 1988 to the Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle.  In 1992 he was a James IV Surgical Traveller and was elected as a Member of the James IV Association of Surgeons in 1996. 
His research interests include chemokines and signalling in breast cancer cells, androgen receptors in breast cancers, oestrogen regulated genes and stem cells in breast tumours, thyroid tumours and phaeochromocytoma.
In 2007 he became the President of the British Association of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons, and was elected to the Intercollegiate Examiners Court.
The John Potter Symposium (cleft lip and palate surgery and ear reconstruction), Wednesday 11th July

Suzanne LudgateDr Susanne Ludgate, Medical Director of Devices, MHRA
Dr Susanne Ludgate qualified in medicine from Edinburgh University, subsequently specialising in Radiation Oncology and was appointed a Consultant at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh in 1979.
She subsequently took up a Consultant post in Radiation Oncology at Westmead Hospital in Sydney and at the Peter McCallum Hospital in Melbourne, publishing and lecturing widely.
She was appointed Medical Director of the Medical Devices Agency in 1993. She has been responsible for the setting up and management of the clinical investigation system of new medical devices under the provisions of the Medical Devices Regulations. She is a member of the European Commission’s Clinical Evaluation Task Force on Clinical Investigations, Chairman of the Global Harmonisation Task Force on Clinical Evaluation, and has helped to write both the CEN and ISO Standards relating to clinical investigations of medical devices.
She is a member of the NICE Advisory Committee on Interventional Procedures, a member of the NICE Medical Technology Advisory Committee, and a member of the Health Technology Assessment Diagnostic and Screening Panel. She has published extensively on the Medical Devices Regulations, the handling of clinical investigations and the reporting and handling of device related adverse events.
As part of the new MHRA structure, Susanne now holds the position of Devices Clinical Director and is a member of the MHRA’s Executive Board.
Speaking in:
PIP Implants- Where are we now?, Friday 13th July

Stephen MoonieDr Stephen Moonie MA PhD, Teaching Fellow in Art History, University of Newcastle
Dr. Stephen Moonie is Teaching Fellow in Art History at the Department of Fine Art, Newcastle University. He graduated in Art History from the University of St Andrews in 2003. He received his MA from the University of Essex in 2005, where he subsequently completed his Ph.D., entitled ‘Criticism and Painting: Modernism in the USA c.1958-63’ (2009). He has taught in the History of Art department at the University of Warwick, and has conducted research at the Getty Research Institute in Los Angeles. He recently contributed to the catalogue for the recent exhibition The Indiscipline of Painting, held at Tate St Ives and Warwick Arts Centre (2011). His research interests include post-war art and theory in the US, the ‘crisis’ of painting, and the problem of value judgments in contemporary art criticism.
Speaking in:
Continuing Education, Thursday 12th July

Joe ODonoghue Mr Joe O'Donoghue, FRCS(Plast), Consultant Plastic Surgeon, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne
Joe O’Donoghue is a Plastic Surgeon with a special interest in micro vascular breast reconstruction and oncoplastic breast surgery. He works at the Newcastle Upon Tyne NHS Trust in the UK. He completed a Master’s degree in breast cancer immunology before embarking on his plastic surgery training which he completed with a fellowship in oncoplastic breast surgery at the Institut Marie Curie, Paris in 1998 under the direction of Krishna Clough. He has published several papers in breast reconstruction outcomes and continues with clinical based research in oncoplastic breast surgery. He has co-authored the UK National lipomodelling guidelines and is a member of the National Oncoplastic Breast Surgery guidelines writing group.
He is currently the BAPRAS Honorary Secretary, and also acts as plastic surgery editor for ISCP and has written the plastic surgery advanced years curriculum in oncoplastic breast surgery which is under review by the GMC. He is the BAPRAS Champion for the plastic surgery e-learning project (eLPRAS), and he is also a member of the Breast Oncoplastic Training Interface Group. He is a non executive director of the Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons Indemnity Scheme.
Speaking in:
PIP Implants- Where are we now?, Friday 13th July

Gerard PantingDr Gerard Panting MA, MBBS, FFFLM, FRCGP,DMJ, Medicolegal Advisor, PRASIS
Qualified in medicine and with a Masters degree in Medical Law and Ethics, Gerard has 25 years experience in clinical negligence litigation, complaints procedures, disciplinary processes and medical regulation in the UK and a special interest in developing practical risk management solutions. Gerard spent 20 years at the Medical Protection Society where he held the posts of Head of UK Medical Services and Communications and Policy Director. Gerard is a Foundation Fellow of the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians.
Speaking in:
PIP Implants- Where are we now?, Friday 13th July

John ScottMr John Scott, FRCS(Plast), Consultant Plastic Surgeon, Canniesburn Unit, Glasgow
Mr John Scott was appointed Consultant Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon at the Canniesburn Unit in 2001. His special interests include breast reconstruction, skin cancer and male genitourinary reconstruction.
He has been an examiner for the FRCS(Plast) exam since 2007 and chairs the FRCS(Plast) MCQ Examination Writing and Standard Setting groups. In 2012 he was appointed BAPRAS/RCPSG National Plastic Surgery Tutor for Scotland and the North of England.
Speaking in:
Breast augmentation symposium, Friday 13th July

Paul StuartMr Paul Stuart, FRCS FRCSEd, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne
Paul Stuart was appointed Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon in 1994, a year in which he also won the Pulvertaft Prize. Following medical school in Newcastle, he undertook an RAF short service commission before continuing with specialist training in the Northern region, fellowship at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester Minnesota and interface fellowships in Nottingham and Derby. He is currently hand surgery examiner for the Intercollegiate Board and tutor for the Hand Diploma. His special interests include wrist injury/degeneration, rheumatoid UL disease and UL arthroplasty
Speaking in:
Continuing education, Thursday 12th Juy

Richard WarrenDr Richard Warren, Clinical Professor, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
Dr Richard Warren completed his basic medical training at the University of British Columbia. He interned in the San Francisco Bay area, and then returned to British Columbia to complete specialty training in plastic surgery. Following his residency, he pursued fellowship training in Los Angeles, California and Norfolk, Virginia before returning to Vancouver to join the Department of Surgery at the University of British Columbia.
He is past president of the Northwest Society of Plastic Surgeons and past president of the Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.
As Chairman of the Royal College Specialty Committee for Plastic Surgery, Dr Warren is currently Chairman of the Canadian Board of Plastic Surgery. He is the former Chief Examiner for Plastic Surgery in Canada, the former Chairman of the Division of Plastic Surgery at the University of British Columbia and the former Head of Plastic Surgery at the Vancouver General and the University of BC Hospitals. He remains on active staff at these hospitals and holds an appointment as Clinical Professor at the University of British Columbia.
n 2003, Dr Warren relocated his private practice to the Vancouver Plastic Surgery Center– now the oldest private surgical facility in Vancouver, which he originally founded in 1989. Dr Warren continues as the Medical Director of this facility where his practice is based. His clinical interests are in plastic surgery of the face and breast.
Speaking in:
Rhinoplasty symposium, Thursday 12th July
Breast augmentation symposium, Friday 13th July

Conditions that develop later in life due to accident or infection.
Lazy eye.
A preinvasive cancer involving the surface layer of the anus.
Before birth.
Rare and dangerous lesions that occur in the scalp, head and neck region. Often triggered by puberty, there is often a visible swelling in the skin which is blue in colour.
This is surgery to fuse a joint.
The procedure whereby liquid contents of a swelling can be removed with a needle.
Reconstruction of the ear using the patient’s own tissue.
This is the most common form of skin cancer. It grows locally and does not spread elsewhere in the body. It is usually cured by simple removal.
A colloquial term for prominent ears.
A condition caused by infection of by a reduced blood supply to the facial nerve.
A benign condition is one that is not usually serious or harmful.
When clefts occur on both sides of the mouth.
Microtia affecting both ears.
A biopsy is a medical test involving the removal of cells or tissues for examination.
A new surgical technique often used in the treatment of hemifacial microsomia. Developed from limb lengthening operations first described in Russia, this technique is based on the principle of pushing small pins into bone, and moving these pins apart by a connecting bar which incorporates a screw thread. As the pins are gradually stretched apart, the bone and surrounding soft tissue is also stretched.
The group of nerves located behind the collar bone which control feeling and movements in the arm.
An artificial implant that is under the skin.
The smallest blood vessels in the deep layer of skin.
Another term for a haemangioma or strawberry mark.
A condition caused by mechanical interference with the median nerve in the wrist. This large nerve provides feeling to the thumb, index and middle fingers and half of the ring finger. It also provides power to the small muscles at the base of the thumb. The median nerve enters the hand from the forearm, passing beneath a tough ligament (known as the carpal ligament) that runs across the wrist. This nerve can become squeezed, either because the contents of the tunnel beneath the ligament swell, or because the size of the tunnel decreases. This squeezing of the nerve causes tingling in the fingers, often accompanied by numbness. These sensations are usually worse at night, and often wake a patient from sleep. Pain can occur later on in the condition and can be felt in the hand, forearm or even in the upper arm and shoulder.
An acquired shriveling of the outer ear common in boxers and rugby players.
Another term for a haemangioma or strawberry mark.
Abnormal cells in the cervix that only involve the surface layer of the cervix.
The neck of the uterus or womb.
Saromas arising from cartilage
Split or separation.
Where the lip components fail to fuse and are split or separated.
A specialist nurse that works as part of the cleft lip and palate team.
Where the palate is split or separated. This occurs when the main components of the palate – the two palatal shelves in the roof of the mouth – fail to fuse properly.
A clinical expert in the delivery of evidence-based nursing interventions usually in one specific area of clinical practice.
Medical practitioner who specialises in cancer and its treatment.
Nose reshaping operation carried out from inside the nostrils.
The central piece at the bottom of the nose that divides the nostrils.
A whole side-cleft running up to the nose from the lip.
A complete cleft of the palate extends to the hard palate, the bony part at the front of the mouth.
A graft consisting of skin and other underlying tissues such as fat and cartilage.
The cartilage bowl of the ear.
Conditions present at birth.
A congenital condition in which the ear takes on a cup shape due to shortening of the outer circumference of the ear.
A situation where tissues or scars shorten and cause deformity.
A bone distraction procedure whereby a cut is made in the bone which is to be stretched. Pins are passed through the skin and into the bone on either side of the cut. These pins are then connected together by a distractor. In most cases, the distractor is opened by approximately one to two millimetres each day through the turning of a small screw. An average distraction length is likely to be in the region of two to two and half centimetres, which will probably take about three weeks to achieve. At the end of the period of distraction, the distractor is left in position for six to eight weeks while new bone fills the gaps which have been created. A second small operation is then required to remove the distractor.
Is the term used to describe a number of conditions which, like craniosynostosis, involve the overgrowth and undergrowth of the structures of the head and face.
A condition caused by the premature closure of the gaps between the bones of the cranium.
Cryptotia means ‘buried ear’. This is a relatively rare deformation in which the groove behind the ear is not fully formed. This is aesthetically displeasing and can cause difficulties in wearing glasses. This condition can occasionally be corrected using splints but more commonly is corrected surgically around the age of 5.
A colloquial term for constricted ears.
Cysts associated with the skin are very common. They appear as rubbery or firm lumps just beneath the skin and attached to it. Often a tendency to get cysts is inherited. If they grow large they can become unsightly, they can become infected.
Concerning the act of defaecation.
Flat head syndrome in newborn babies. This is asymmetry in a baby’s head caused by the positioning of the head during extended time spent in a neonatal unit, the birth process, the position in the womb, and most often, the infant's preferred sleeping position.
Deep layer of skin.
A healthy part of the body where skin is removed as part of a skin graft or flap procedure.
Bridge of the nose.
This affects the layer of gristle which lies beneath the skin on the palm of the hand, fastening the skin to bone, enabling us to clutch and grip. The disease first makes its appearance as a small lump in the pit of the palm. Over time, this lump may form a cord of tissue that runs from the palm to the finger. After a while, this cord begins to shrink, drawing the finger into a clawed position.
A treatment for arteriovenous malformations (AVM) with onyx. Designed to stop the blood-flow to the lesions.
A cut made in the posterior wall of the vagina during childbirth.
Surgical removal.
An operation to remove a diseased part of the body.
A balloon-like device inserted under the skin near the area to be repaired, which is then gradually filled with salt water, causing the skin to stretch and grow.
A procedure whereby the face is deliberately split vertically along the line of the nasal bridge during monobloc advancement, in order to bring the eyes closer together, expand the upper jaw and rotate the two halves of the face into a more normal position.
This refers to a paralysis of part of the face caused by a dysfunction of the facial nerve. The facial nerve controls the facial muscles, especially those around the eyes and mouth – for example, the muscles that lift the eyebrows, close the eyelids and raise the corners of the mouth to shape a smile. It is in these areas that patients with facial palsy most commonly experience problems.
When developing tissues fail to join up properly.
Between the tissues of the body are layers of connective tissue that separate them. These layers are known as fascia.
A flap including the fascia along with its blood supply.
Transfer of a living piece of tissue from one part of the body to another, along with the blood vessels that keep it alive. Unlike a skin graft, flaps carry with them their own blood supply. Flap surgery can restore form and function to areas of the body that have lost skin, fat, muscle movement, and/or skeletal support.
Flap reconstruction involves the transfer of a living piece of tissue from one part of the body to another, along with the blood vessel that keeps it alive. Unlike a skin graft, flaps carry with them their own blood supply. Flap surgery can restore form and function to areas of the body that have lost skin, fat, muscle movement, and/or skeletal support. There are two main types of flap. These are local flap and regional flap.
Flap reconstruction involves the transfer of a living piece of tissue from one part of the body to another, along with the blood vessel that keeps it alive. Unlike a skin graft, flaps carry with them their own blood supply. Flap surgery can restore form and function to areas of the body that have lost skin, fat, muscle movement, and/or skeletal support. There are two main types of flap. These are local flap and regional flap.
Asymmetry in a baby’s caused by the positioning of the baby’s head during extended time spent in a neonatal unit, the birth process, the position in the womb, and most often, the infant's preferred sleeping position.
Free flap reconstruction involves the transfer of living tissue from one part of the body to another, along with the blood vessels that keep it alive. Unlike other flap transfers, free flaps are entirely disconnected from their original blood supply and are reconnected using microsurgery in the recipient site. This procedure involves hooking up the tiny blood vessels of the flap with those in the new site, and is carried out with use of an operating microscope.
A graft consisting of all layers of the skin.
Ganglions are the most common type of swelling in the hand. They contain a thick clear liquid called synovial fluid. Although ganglions can arise from any joint or tendon tunnel, there are four common locations in the hand and wrist - in the middle of the back of the wrist; on the front of the wrist at the base of the thumb; at the base of a finger, and on the back of a finger end-joint. Ganglions occur when synovial fluid leaks out of a joint or tendon tunnel and forms a swelling under the skin, although the cause of these leaks is not known. In some cases ganglions are painful, in others they are not.
A clinical geneticist arranges tests and advises patients and families who suffer from inherited conditions.
The term used to describe any surgery to the chin which does not involve the tooth-bearing part of the lower jaw. These procedures may be used to move the chin forwards, backwards, upwards or downwards, and are usually done via an incision made inside the mouth where the lower lip joins the lower gum. The bone of the chin is cut horizontally below the level of the tooth roots, and is then moved into its new position and fixed there with wires or titanium screws. These remain in place and do not need to be removed. The incision is then closed with dissolving stitches.
The lower urinary and reproductive tract.
A drug used to treat GIST sarcomas.
A skin graft involves taking a healthy patch of skin from one area of the body, known as the donor site, and using it to cover another area where skin is missing or damaged. The piece of skin that is moved is entirely disconnected, and requires blood vessels to grow into it when placed in the recipient site.
Concerning cancers arising from the female genital tract.
Medical practitioner who deals with the health of the female reproductive system.
A benign overgrowth of blood vessels on the skin that appears as a soft, raised swelling. They are typically crimson red in colour with a slightly dimpled surface. They appear just after birth, largely around the head and neck but can appear anywhere on the body. Colloquially known as strawberry marks or birthmarks and medically also referred to as strawberry naevi, strawberry haemangiomas, capillary haemangiomas and cavernous haemangiomas.
Major injuries that have been sustained to the hand. This could range from burns and skin loss to loss of digits.
Bony palate at the front of the month.
A congenital condition involving underdevelopment of the face.
The human papilloma virus.
Defect of the urethra in baby boys.
Slight notch in the lip.
This involves either realignment of bones or ligament reconstruction using a tendon; suitable only for a minority of patients who have an unstable joint but little damage to the surfaces of the joints.
The external lips of the vagina.
The outer lips of the vagina.
The inner lips of the vagina.
A surgical procedure to reshape the inner lips of the vagina.
Operations to move the facial bones forward.
Sarcomas that grow out of smooth muscle.
A lesion is a medical name for a skin blemish of some sort. Skin lesions include moles, warts, cysts and lipomas.
A muscle in the middle of the eyelid.
Lipomas are fatty lumps under the skin. They usually grow slowly as painless swellings.
Uses a piece of skin and underlying tissue that lie near to the wound. The flap remains attached at one end so that it continues to be nourished by its original blood supply and is repositioned over the wounded area.
Local removal of a lesion with a cuff of normal tissue.
A colloquial term for constricted ears.
A clear fluid carried through a network of channels in the body known as the lymphatic system.
These are organs consisting of many types of cells, and are part of the lymphatic system. Lymph nodes are found all through the body, and act as filters or traps for foreign particles. They contain white blood cells and are important in the proper functioning of the immune system.
A vascular malformation. These involve the lymph system and are present at birth or develop up until the age of two. The do not shrink or fade. They vary from small blister-like marks on the skin to large swellings in the neck, limbs or face.
A network of channels in the body that carry a clear fluid called lymph.
Melanoma is the type of cancer that arises in pigment cells within the skin. It is less common than the other sorts, but can be more serious. The majority of patients are still cured by simple removal, but melanoma can come back after removal and spread elsewhere in the body. Over the past few decades, the incidence of melanoma has risen steadily throughout the world.
Facial surgery to correct abnormalities of the jaw.
Medical practitioner who specialises in cancer and its treatment.
Surgery carried out with use of a microscope.
Surgery carried out with use of a microscope.
Translated from the Greek, means ‘little ear’. It is the medical word used to describe a small or absent ear in newborn babies.
A technique to remove a skin cancer with a narrow margin. The edges are then mapped and carefully checked to ensure complete removal of the tumour. If the excision is incomplete the involved margin is re-excised. This process is repeated until the excision is confirmed to be complete at all the edges.
A mole is a clump of pigment cells in the skin. Moles usually appear as flat brown marks during childhood and early adult life. They gradually change as time goes by often becoming more raised and paler, some go away completely. Moles assume a wide variety of sizes and appearances, some grow hair, and some are rough on the surface.
A LeFort III type osteotomy which extends into the skull to move the forehead region forward at the same time.
The mound anterior to the vagina.
This is a team made up of specialists working together to make sure that the best possible treatment is given
The medical name for capillary malformations.
Basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer are two types of non-melanoma skin cancer.
The cartilage that makes up the tip-support to the nose needs to be partly removed or reshaped. This is done through the nostril, or by making a small cut in the bit (columella) between the nostrils.
A dental specialist that treats dental displacement or facial growth abnormalities on an aesthetic or reconstructive basis.
Surgeons that carry out procedures concerning the musculoskeletal system.
This is the degeneration of a joint through wear and tear. It can cause aching, especially between thumb and the side of the index finger. The pain may lead to a sense of weakness when you pinch or grip. The base of the thumb may become swollen and may crunch audibly during certain movements. It may also become misshapen. It is this pain and disability that often encourages people to seek surgical interventions.
Sarcomas arising from bone.
Is the term used to describe the surgical correction of prominent ears.
A surgeon who diagnoses and treats conditions affecting the urinary tract and genital tract in children.
A medical specialist that deals with the illnesses and treatment of infants, children and adolescents.
The two parts of the roof of the mouth that form the palate.
When the cleft is partial, it affects only the soft palate at the back of the mouth.
Medical practitioner who diagnoses diseases via tissue or cell samples or via autopsy.
That portion of the external pelvic organs that includes the urinary tract, the genital tract and anus.
A professional who treats and manages patient with musculoskeletal problems using exercises and other forms of physical therapy.
The colloquial name for capillary malformations.
Surgical procedure whereby the vagina is separated from the rectum and the muscles pulled together to tighten the vaginal structures.
These affect people who are immobilised through sickness or disability. The sores themselves occur when skin overlying a bony prominence breaks down following prolonged contact with a surface, such as a mattress or a wheelchair seat.
A sarcoma affecting bone.
The problem is often inherited, and is caused by a lack of the usual cartilage folds in the ear.
Shaping and fitting a false ear to the side of the head.
Someone who fits a prosthesis.
Professionals who are concerned using psychological findings to help people live healthy and productive lives and resolve mental health problems.
Medical practitioner who uses radiation to treat disease, usually cancer.
Radiation treatment used to treat disease, usually Cancer.
An area of the body where skin is missing or damaged and to where tissue is transferred.
The lower part of the large bowel above the anus.
Uses a section of tissue that is attached by a specific blood vessel. When the flap is lifted, it needs only a very narrow attachment to the original site to receive its nourishing blood supply from the artery and vein.
Nose reshaping.
An acquired condition characterised by the deterioration of the skin and soft tissue of one half of the face (usually the left side). More common in females than males, this deterioration causes initial changes in the tissues above the upper jaw, or between the nose and the upper corner of the lip. It then progresses to the mouth, the area surrounding the eye, the brow, the ear and the neck. It may also affect the tongue, the soft palate, and the gums. The eye and cheek of the affected side may become sunken, and facial hair may turn white and fall out.
A cancer of the body’s connective tissues, such as bone, muscle, cartilage and fat.
The outer groove of the ear.
The central structure of the nose.
A skin graft involves taking a healthy patch of skin from one area of the body, known as the donor site, and using it to cover another area where skin is missing or damaged. The piece of skin that is moved is entirely disconnected, and requires blood vessels to grow into it when placed in the recipient site.
The soft, flexible portion of the Palate at the back of the mouth that is concerned with speech.
The role of a speech and language therapist is to assess and treat speech, language and communication problems in people of all ages to enable them to communicate to the best of their ability.
A muscular constriction at the entrance or exit to a cavity or body organ.
The use of splints or other external devices to correct deformity, maintain position and support structures.
A graft that uses only the layers of skin closest to the surface.
A bar of cartilage in the upper part of the ear causing an extra crease.
Another term for a haemangioma or strawberry mark.
Another term for a haemangioma or strawberry mark.
A thick, clear liquid that lubricates a joint or tendon. This fluid accumulates within a ganglion.
Where muscle is moved from the temple to the eyelids to restore strength is area and counter the effects of paralysis.
The major bone in the lower leg.
Tissue expansion is a procedure that enables the body to ‘grow’ extra skin by stretching surrounding tissue. A balloon-like device called an expander is inserted under the skin near the area to be repaired, and is then gradually filled with salt water, causing the skin to stretch and grow.
This involves the transfer of digits from the foot to the hand undertaken with use of a microscope. The absence of a finger does not usually have much effect on either the function or the appearance of the hand, but when the missing digit is a thumb, or when many digits are missing, surgery may be needed.
A tough ligament that runs across the wrist.
This involves the complete removal of the trapezium bone; recommended if the joint above or below this bone are affected by arthritis. Some surgeons fill the gap left by the bone, or the deficit with adjacent tissue.
This is performed if there are concerns that the thumb appears too slack to sit securely in the new joint created by the removal of the bone.
The main joint at the base of the thumb. This joint carries a lot of force when the thumb is used, yet allows for a complex range of movements, including rotation.
Trauma refers to any serious, body-altering injury sustained through accident or impact. Trauma injuries vary in type and severity, but most commonly involve burns, lacerations, fractures and crush. Plastic surgeons have always been involved in the treatment of trauma.
An inherited congenital condition with a genetic cause. It affects both sides of the face and is associated with alteration of the position of the eyes, deafness, underdeveloped low-set ears, and underdevelopment of the mid and lower face.
Microtia affecting one ear.
This refers to all structures from the fingertips to the neck, and also encompasses the group of nerves located behind the collar bone which control feeling in the arm.
The tube through which urine is passed.
Constriction or blockage of the vagina.
These cover a broad spectrum of skin lesions present at birth of shortly after birth.
One of the types of vascular anomalies. They are present at birth. They grow proportionately to a baby and are classified according to the dominant blood vessel type they contain.
The external female genitalia.
Changes that can occur in the skin that covers the vulva. If left untreated, it can develop into vulval cancer.
A wart is a rough patch of skin. The most common type is caused by a wart virus infection. There other types of wart with other causes.
This means not only removing a tumour but cutting out a fair amount of surrounding tissue also.
Procedure whereby the wound is cleared of dead or damaged soft tissue and bone.
A procedure to convert a straight incision or scar into a zigzag. This is used throughout plastic surgery in a number of situations such as to release a contracture, reposition features, deepen a web, and improve the appearance of a scar.